Meta-analysis Confirms Sustained Effects of Neurofeedback for ADHD
March 6, 2018- In this study with over 500 children, researchers compiled data comparing the results of neurofeedback for ADHD. An international group of researchers carried out the study, which used different control groups to disambiguate their findings, including one for medication, and another for non-activity. Research from 10 other randomized studies was compiled, and 6 month follow ups were made to assess the long term effectiveness of the treatments.
“Given treatment with medication in ADHD is effective in short-term symptom management, and clinical benefit is likely to diminish after sustained use for more than 2 years, there is a need for treatments that result in better long-term benefits.” -Sustained effects of neurofeedback in ADHD: A systematic review and meta-analysis
The study found that neurofeedback was an effective treatment for ADHD and produces durable effects over a 6-month period following treatment, positioning neurofeedback as a “promising treatment with long-term benefit.”
Neurofeedback Shown to be an Effective Treatment for Tinnitus
Tinnitus, or ringing in the ears, effects 1 in 5 people. It varies in severity and duration, with some people it is loud enough to distract them from their daily activities. Up until now there have been few, if any, effective therapies to treat tinnitus. In this small study, neurofeedback showed great promise as a new treatment by lowering the severity of the condition and in some cases eliminating it altogether.
In the study, people used neurofeedback training to turn their focus away from the sounds in their ears. fMRI imaging was used for an objective variable. A control group were given sham neurofeedback, showing researchers the effect of real neurofeedback on the auditory cortex, and showing a significant relationship between control of the auditory cortex and attentional processes.
“The idea is that in people with tinnitus there is an over-attention drawn to the auditory cortex, making it more active than in a healthy person, our hope is that tinnitus sufferers could use neurofeedback to divert attention away from their tinnitus and possibly make it go away.” -Matthew S. Sherwood, Ph.D., Research Engineer
The study showed clearly that diversion of attention away from sound reduced the auditory cortex activity of the participants, which was also objectively confirmed using fMRI.