Neurofeedback versus psychostimulants in the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD
A recent systematic review that included eight randomized controlled trials that compared neurofeedback treatment to treatment with medications. Outcome measures included behavioral assessments by parents and teachers, self-reports, neurocognitive measures, and EEG measurements. The results were favorable, showing improvement in objective and subjective measures of ADHD. Neurofeedback was also able to decrease medication dosages.
“The present role of NF in treating children diagnosed with ADHD should be considered as complementary in a multimodal treatment approach, individualized to the needs of the child, and may be considered a viable alternative to stimulants for a specific group of patients. ” -Bashar Razoki, Department of Psychology, Erasmus School of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Rotterdam, the Netherlands
This study also concluded that patients with a poor response to medication or side effects due to medication may benefit from NF treatment.
Neurofeedback Relieves Chronic Pain in Fibromyalgia
Fibromyalgia is a disorder characterized by widespread muscle pain, usually accompanied by fatigue, and sometimes sleep, memory and/or mood issues. A new study entitled “Volitional limbic neuromodulation has a multifaceted clinical benefit in Fibromyalgia patients” has looked at the effects of volitional neuromodulation, or neurofeedback, on these symptoms.
The study found that neurofeedback training significantly reduced symptom of chronic pain. Before and after treatment, subjective measurements of pain, depression, anxiety, fatigue and sleep quality were obtained. Follow up with study participants for up to three years of the neurofeedback training completion showed that the effect was lasting.
Neurofeedback was shown to have an immediate positive effect on sleep regulation, and a delayed positive effect on pain that began after the neurofeedback training itself ended. Pain decreased 40% on the visual analog scale (VAS) score.