Cognitive decline and dementia are some of the more serious problems facing an aging population today. Dementia increases in prevalence with age, with a doubling of prevalence every 5 years . It is a progressive disease process affecting families, carers, health and social care providers. Cognitive impairment is an important part of the diagnostic criteria for dementia. The most commonly used screening instrument for cognitive impairment is the MiniMental State Examination (MMSE) .
Neurofeedback functions to change EEG brain waves over time. As scientists continue to isolate the brain structures and processes involved with cognitive decline and dementia, neurofeedback specialists have developed protocols to assist with these disorders.